Studying the toxicity effects of coated and uncoated NaLuF4: Yb3+, Tm3+ upconversion nanoparticles on blood factors and histopathology for Balb/C mice's tissue

نویسندگانMohammad Asadi - Mehdi Ghahari - SA Hassanzadeh Tabrizi - Amir Masoud Arabi - Rozita Nasiri
نشریهMaterials Research Express
شماره صفحات125421
نوع مقالهFull Paper
تاریخ انتشار2019
رتبه نشریهISI
نوع نشریهچاپی
کشور محل چاپایران

چکیده مقاله

<p style="text-align: left;">In this study,&nbsp;<img align="MIDDLE" alt="${{\rm{NaLuF}}}_{4}:\,{{\rm{Yb}}}^{3+},\,{{\rm{Tm}}}^{3+}$" data-src="" src="" />&nbsp;upconversion nanoparticles were synthesized in less than 6 h under thermal decomposition conditions by changing pH and synthesis temperature. The washing process removed the hydrophobic species on the surface of nanoparticles. Then the nanoparticles were coated by calcium carbonate (<img align="MIDDLE" alt="${{\rm{CaCO}}}_{3}$" data-src="" src="" />) and were loaded with curcumin (Cur) as a drug model in one synthesis step. The effects of toxicity of uncoated and coated nanoparticles were investigated on normal cells, blood factors, and histopathology of the tissue in Balb/C mice. The most of synthesized nanoparticles had spherical shape considering the results from the SEM and TEM. The results of the DLS analysis showed that the hydrodynamic diameter of the uncoated and coated nanoparticles was 49.52 and 59.37 nm, respectively. By injecting&nbsp;<img align="MIDDLE" alt="${{\rm{CaCO}}}_{3}@{\rm{NPs}}$" data-src="" src="" />&nbsp;nanoparticles into human blood, there was not seen a significant difference in the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, hemoglobin, and blood platelets with the treatment of the control group. Besides, cell biocompatibility studies in fibroblast cell lines showed that the toxicity of uncoated nanoparticles increased at concentrations higher than 250&nbsp;<img align="MIDDLE" alt="$\mu g/ml.$" data-src="" src="" />&nbsp;Also, cytotoxicity increases significantly with increasing the time of 24, 48, and 72 h. The coated samples did not represent the toxicity effect. The results of cellular changes induced by the addition of uncoated and coated nanoparticles showed that the cells change from spherical to Spindle after treatment with&nbsp;<img align="MIDDLE" alt="${{\rm{CaCO}}}_{3}@{\rm{NPs}},$" data-src="" src="" />&nbsp;Which indicates a lack of toxicity. Histopathological examination of vital organs in mice receiving&nbsp;<img align="MIDDLE" alt="${{\rm{CaCO}}}_{3}@{\rm{NPs}}$" data-src="" src="" />&nbsp;did not show any pathological damage compared to the control group.</p>

لینک ثابت مقاله